When History Rhymes

2019-03-13T12:16:56-04:00November 5, 2018|

By Christine Lagarde

November 5, 2018

عربي,  中文 Español, Français日本語PortuguêsРусский

The graves of soldiers who died in World War I, near Verdun, France: on the 100th anniversary of the end of the Great War, leaders should listen closely to the echoes of history (photo: Mathieu Pattier/SIPA/Newscom)

Mark Twain once said that “History never repeats itself, but it does often rhyme.” As heads of state gather in Paris this week to mark 100 years since the end of World War I, they should listen closely to the echoes of history and avoid replaying the discordant notes of the past. […]

Chart of the Week: Invest in Robots and People in Asia

2019-03-13T15:09:13-04:00August 29, 2018|

By IMFBlog

August 29, 2018

عربي, 中文, EspañolBaˈhasa indoneˈsia日本語,  Português, Русский,

An engineer adjusts a robot arm in a robotics plant in Shenyang, China, where industrial robots are widely used for manufacturing (photo: Yang Qing Xinhua News Agency/Newscom)

With about 1 million robots in use in Asia, robotics and automation mean economic risks and growth opportunities for the region. […]

The Economic Scars of Crises and Recessions

2019-03-14T13:32:16-04:00March 21, 2018|

By Valerie Cerra and Sweta C. Saxena

March 21, 2018

Version in  日本語 (Japanese), Português  (Portuguese)

New study finds that all types of recessions lead to permanent losses in output and welfare (photo: Peshkov/iStock by GettyImages).

Economic recessions are typically described as short-term periods of negative economic growth. According to the traditional business cycle view, output moves up and down around its long-term upward trend and after a recession, it recovers to its pre-recession trend. Our new study casts doubt on this traditional view and shows that all types of recessions—including those arising from external shocks and small domestic macroeconomic policy mistakes—lead to permanent losses in output and welfare. […]

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