IMF Lending During the Pandemic and Beyond

2020-09-24T15:21:20-04:00September 17, 2020|

By Robert Gregory, Huidan Lin, and Martin Mühleisen

عربي, 中文Español, Français, 日本語, Português, Русский 

In the face of unprecedented uncertainty and the severe economic impact triggered by COVID-19, the Fund continues to adapt its lending. At the same time, it aims to ensure realistic targets, uphold the credibility of programs, and foster national ownership. […]

The Short-term Liquidity Line: A New IMF Tool to Help in the Crisis

2020-04-23T16:39:25-04:00April 22, 2020|

By Geoffrey Okamoto

عربي,  中文, Español, Français, 日本語, Português, Русский

Challenging times for emerging markets

The COVID-19 pandemic has severely disrupted the global economy at every level. Across the world, financial conditions have tightened dramatically, with unprecedented portfolio outflows from emerging markets in terms of both size (a record of about $100 billion) and speed, and markets effectively frozen in some cases. […]

A Stronger Financial Architecture for Tomorrow’s World

2017-04-15T14:28:20-04:00February 10, 2011|

The international monetary system is a topic that encompasses a wide range of issues—reserve currencies, exchange rates, capital flows, and the global financial safety net, to name a few. Some are of the view that the current system works well enough. I take a less sanguine view. Certainly the world did not end with the crisis that began in 2008 and a recovery is under way. But, it is not the recovery we wanted—it is uneven, unemployment is not really going down, there are widening inequalities, and global imbalances are back. Reform of the international monetary system may be wide-ranging and complex. But concrete reforms are needed to achieve the kind of well-balanced and sustainable recovery that the world needs, and to help prevent the next crisis.

Quo Vadis México?

2017-04-15T14:30:43-04:00December 13, 2010|

Mexico needs to prioritize boosting its very low long-term growth rate and create the jobs of the future for the youth. This will require tackling some difficult issues, particularly competitition, public services, and labor markets.

Global Safety Nets: Crisis Prevention in an Age of Uncertainty

2017-04-15T14:33:58-04:00September 9, 2010|

As the global economics crisis abates, there is an emerging consensus that a better global financial safety net is needed to enable countries with good policies to insure against bad outcomes, especially when they are innocent by-standers caught in a financial turmoil. Last week the IMF took another step toward meeting this need by further enhancing its country insurance facilities. Reza Moghadam, head of the IMF’s Strategy, Policy, and Review Department, has authored this blog to coincide with a series of speeches about the reforms, including a scheduled speech at the Peterson Institute for International Economics next Monday. The blog outlines the two major changes: enhancements to our flagship insurance option—the Flexible Credit Line (FCL)—for countries with very strong policies and economic fundamentals; and the establishment of a new Precautionary Credit Line (PCL), which offers a new form of contingent protection for countries with some moderate vulnerabilities.

Learning from the Crisis: Future IMF Lending Role

2017-04-15T14:37:43-04:00April 22, 2010|

The IMF resource base needs to be adequate to deal with most shocks. Some observers, however, worry that a large IMF with beefed-up financing instruments would add to moral hazard, encouraging reckless lending or unsafe policies. This is less of an issue when IMF lending is targeted to deal with “exogenous” shocks, i.e., shocks that cannot be influenced by the behavior of the individual country or its creditors.

Getting Ready to Join the Eurozone Club

2017-04-15T14:40:48-04:00February 1, 2010|

The conventional wisdom is that, when the seas get rough, it’s better to be in a big boat. But being in the European Monetary Union (EMU) hasn’t exactly been smooth sailing for all its members. On the contrary, the crisis has highlighted that sound policy frameworks are more important than ever. I look at this experience from the perspective of the European Union’s new member states in the East, who are still outside the EMU but are set to join sooner or later.

Changing Times: Global Governance Reform and the IMF

2017-04-15T14:42:27-04:00January 11, 2010|

By John Lipsky

The economic and financial crisis of the past two years has placed in high relief profound changes in global economic and financial realities. Most notably, the crisis has underscored the shift in relative economic weight in favor of dynamic emerging market economies. In response, the G-20— a grouping that includes both advanced and large emerging economies—has stepped forward as the premier political venue for addressing economic and financial policy challenges.

These changes are exerting significant influence on the evolution of global governance, and they directly involve the IMF in two concrete ways. First, new advances […]

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