Building Fiscal Institutions in Fragile States

By Katherine Baer, Sanjeev Gupta, Mario Pessoa

August 9, 2017

Version in Français (French)

A porter in the market in Kathmandu, Nepal: the country increased their tax revenues in recent years with the help of technical assistance (photo: Navesh Chitrakar/Newscom)

Fragile states face more obstacles to growth than most countries.  Their per-capita GDP is less than half of most other low-income countries, and their economies are more volatile.  Many are in conflict or going through a natural disaster, or just emerging from these.  Our study is based on 39 countries, and since completed, the number of fragile states has increased to 43. 

To grow, a country needs tax policies and tax administration, laws and institutions to formulate and execute a budget, and trained staff to implement fiscal policies, among other factors.  Our preliminary results show that fragile states that have received technical assistance, also have improved their fiscal performance.

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The Long and the Short of It—Government Debt Plans in 2011 and Beyond

Fiscal policy this year in some leading advanced economies is shaping up to be quite different from what was expected just last November, according to the just-published Fiscal Monitor update. Some of this change is attributable to the somewhat better than projected fiscal results in 2010. Most of it, however, is due to additional stimulus measures introduced in recent months. Altogether, sovereign risks remain elevated and in some cases have increased since November 2010. No amount of deficit reduction this year, however, can be sufficient to restore countries’ fiscal accounts to robust good health. Putting the government accounts in order will require a multi-year effort. So, how are countries doing in setting out their longer-term plans? Here, we see somewhat of a mixed picture.

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