Stephan Danninger is a division chief in the IMF’s Western Hemisphere Department. He joined the IMF in 2000 and currently heads the division covering the United States economy. Previously, he led the Japan division and was a researcher in the IMF’s World Economic Studies Division responsible for the publication of the World Economic Outlook . His research covers a variety of topics, including labor market issues, determinants of countries’ export competitiveness, cross-country spillovers of financial stress, and growth enhancing structural reforms. He holds a PhD from Columbia University, New York.