Prior to this, he was in the IMF’s Strategy, Policy and Review Department, working on IMF lending and surveillance policies, emerging market issues, macro-financial spillovers and policy frameworks to address external shocks. He was also part of the team working on the IMF’s financing arrangement with Mongolia and has done surveillance work on a varied set of countries, including China, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, and Saudi Arabia. He has contributed to multilateral surveillance through the analytical chapters of the Global Financial Stability Report and Regional Economic Outlooks. Before joining the IMF, he worked on macroprudential policy and banking regulation at the Bank of England. He holds a PhD in Finance from the London School of Economics.