Nicoletta Batini is a scholar of innovative monetary and fiscal policy practices and has become a leading expert in the design of macroeconomic strategies to deal with the climate change/public health nexus, with a focus on land use and food systems. She has published extensively in all these fields. Prior to the IMF, she was Advisor of the Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee, Professor of Economics at the University of Surrey, and Director of the International Economics and Policy Office of the Treasury in Italy. She has handled extensive consultancy roles internationally. She holds a Ph.D. in international finance (Scuola Superiore S. Anna) and a Ph.D. in monetary economics (University of Oxford). She currently works in the Fund’s Independent Evaluation Office.