Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro is an economist in the World Economic Studies Division of the IMF's Research Department. Previously, he worked in the IMF's Fiscal Affairs, and African departments. Before the IMF, he worked and lectured in different institutions and universities in Brazil, Europe, and the United States, including the European Central Bank; the United Nations; the University of Amsterdam; and Sciences Po in Paris. His research covers the fields of macroeconomics, international economics, and finance. Mr. Poplawski-Ribeiro holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Amsterdam, and an M.Sc. in Economics from the Fundação Getúlio Vargas in São Paulo.