Giovanni Ganelli is Deputy Head of Office in the IMF’s Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (OAP). He previously worked in the Fiscal Affairs, European, and Institute for Capacity Development departments of the IMF. During his career he participated in IMF missions to Asia, Africa, and Europe, and he is currently a member of the IMF team which carries out the annual Article IV Consultation with Japan. His research focuses on fiscal policy and, more recently, on structural reforms in Japan. His papers have been published in several scientific journals, including the Journal of International Economics, Economics Letters, and the Journal of Economic, Dynamics and Control.