Charlotte Gardes-Landolfini works as a climate change, energy and financial stability expert in the IMF’s Monetary and Capital Markets Department. She engages in policy, research, and surveillance work, focusing on emerging markets and developing economies. Prior to joining the Fund in 2021, she worked in the French Treasury Department as a Deputy Head of Unit in charge of sustainable finance and climate risk, and in the International Regulatory Policy Department of the French Securities Markets Authority. She is a PhD candidate in economics in Université Paris II Pantheon-Assas, and holds a M.Sc. in International Macroeconomics from Sciences Po Paris, a MA in financial and corporate law from the Sorbonne Law School, and a M.Sc. in Law and Economics from Université Paris II Pantheon-Assas.