Anne-Marie Gulde-Wolf, a German national, is Deputy Director of the IMF’s African Department. She oversees the department’s work and policy priorities on a number of Southern and Central African countries, including South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho, and Swaziland, as well as the Central African Economic and Monetary Community. She also coordinates the department’s work on financial sector issues. Before joining the African Department in 2012 she was Deputy Director of the IMF's European Department, and held different positions in the IMF's Monetary and Capital Markets Department. Ms. Gulde-Wolf holds a PhD in international economics from the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. Her publications focus on exchange rate regimes, financial stability and development issues.