Andrew Tiffin is a senior economist in the Regional Studies Division of the IMF’s African Department. In his time at the IMF, Andrew has worked on a range of countries including Ukraine, Russia, Romania, Italy, Lebanon, and Jordan. He has worked extensively on the IMF’s risk-assessment process and other policy issues, and has a current interest in the application of […]
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Edward Gemayel is an advisor in the African Department. He is currently the mission chief for Chad. Previously, he held various positions in the Strategy Policy and Review Department as well as in the Middle East and Central Asia Department. He also led missions in Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia. Prior to joining the IMF, Mr. Gemayel was a […]
Small and medium-sized enterprises dominate the business landscape in the Middle East and North Africa region. These enterprises account for more than 90 percent of the region’s businesses and, in some countries, contribute as much as 50 percent of employment and 70 percent of GDP.
Yet they face impediments to growth, and their contribution to employment is below potential. […]
Since the global financial crisis of 2008, emerging market economies have experienced a surge in capital flows in response to significant monetary easing by major central banks. Gross capital inflows to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) have remained high compared to other emerging markets, but their composition has changed significantly, with a surge in portfolio flows […]
Joannes Mongardini is a deputy division chief in the IMF’s Research Department. At the IMF, his work to date has covered a wide range of countries—including Benin, Colombia, Egypt, Estonia, Jordan, Lebanon, the Republic of Congo, and Swaziland—and policy issues, like exchange rates, macroprudential policy, and regional integration. While on leave from the Fund, Mr. Mongardini worked for two […]
Jihad Azour is the Director of the Middle East and Central Asia Department at the International Monetary Fund where he oversees the Fund’s work in the Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia and Caucasus.
Mr. Azour served as Lebanon’s Finance Minister in 2005-08, during which time he coordinated the implementation of important reforms, including modernizing the country’s tax and customs […]
As world leaders head to New York this week for the United Nations General Assembly, there is still no end to the heart-breaking images of war-torn cities in the Middle East and North Africa, and of a massive exodus of people […]